Development (Eco/Ind)

VI. Industrialization and Economic Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13–17%
A. Growth and diffusion of industrialization
1. The changing roles of energy and technology
2. Industrial Revolution
3. Models of economic development: Rostow’s Stages of Economic Growth
and Wallerstein’s World Systems Theory
4. Geographic critiques of models of industrial location: bid rent, Weber’s
comparative costs of transportation and industrial location in relation to
resources, location of retailing and service industries, and local economic
development within competitive global systems of corporations and
B. Social and economic measures of development
1. Gross domestic product and GDP per capita
2. Human Development Index
3. Gender Inequality Index
4. Income disparity and the Gini coefficient
5. Changes in fertility and mortality
6. Access to health care, education, utilities, and sanitation
C. Contemporary patterns and impacts of industrialization and development
1. Spatial organization of the world economy
2. Variations in levels of development (uneven development)
3. Deindustrialization, economic restructuring, and the rise of service and
high technology economies
4. Globalization, manufacturing in newly industrialized countries (NICs),
and the international division of labor
5. Natural resource depletion, pollution, and climate change
6. Sustainable development
7. Government development initiatives: local, regional, and national policies
8. Women in development and gender equity in the workforce



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